Gender inequality is a problem all around the world, in which one gender has advantages over the other in many aspects of life, without taking into account that we should all have equal rights. This happens in many countries, although in some countries this is much more present. Nowadays, this topic is really discussed, as one of the main objectives of the century of numerous women is to achieve gender equality. This does not only occur in countries where this inequality happens constantly, but also in nations where this difference in rights between men and women can be slightly seen, but still there is struggle to achieve total equality. I decided to develop this topic as it is something that it is present nowadays all around the world, and that it is something that will determine the future in which I will live.
As this final work, I chose to tackle the problem of gender inequality nowadays. After some research I tried to find a country where this difference in rights was really remarkable. Finally, I decided to focus on India, where this inequality can be seen in their everyday lives. India is an Asian country ruled by Ram Nath Kovind. Gender inequality in India constantly put women in disadvantage in almost every aspect of society, including medical care, education and job opportunities and participation in politics. I chose India as the country to focus as it is a place where the inequality is really extreme and where the fight and struggle from women is really active, to try to solve and revert this situation.
The participants in this problem include women, government and society. Women are the ones that suffer as a consequence of gender inequality, women of all ages. As a way of protest they are forced to constantly fight for something that should be already granted for the simple fact of being humans, equal to men. This leads to many activists, as writers, who are becoming famous promoting this struggle. Not only women, but this conflict also involves the government, who has the responsibility of changing this reality for women. Although the actual government of India, with Ram Nath Kovind as president, publicly expresses his concern and the need of a more equal society, their measures are not efficient, which is a sufficient reason making gender equality in India still something impossible. This produces a fight between society, whose protagonists are women craving for equal rights, against government whose measures and speeches promising equality are not real or enough.
When India’s population is examined as a whole, women are at a disadvantage in several aspects of life. Discriminatory attitudes towards women have existed for many generations, and it is something that could not be eradicated yet. The Indian Constitution grants men and women equal rights, but gender disparities remain. A great example is in the matter of jobs opportunities and payment, where men are paid more than women, and where opportunities are highly better for one gender. This prevents women from career development and progress. Moreover, another aspect in which this disparities can be analysed is in the medical care, where women are more likely to have health disorders. Woman are condemned to fight since they are born. Sometimes they are unwanted, aborted or abandoned just for not being males. They are constantly afraid, as rapists, kidnappers and sometimes even family members are a threat for them.
Providing a solution is really difficult, as it involves a lot of factors and the participation of many. Government, society, activists and other countries too should work together and help towards this same objective of equality between men and women in India, and all around the world. I believe that marches, manifestations and struggles are excellent and effective ways to achieve gender equality. Making all population aware of this should have an impact, and making more people support the cause. As I said, manifesting this inequality is effective, but measures should also be taken to another length. I believe that encouraging women to participate in aspects like politics or introducing this problem to another sectors and inviting them to participate are good ways too. We, from the other side of the world, can support the cause by sending our strength to all fighters, an by extending this fight in our own country.
Women and men despair in India affects all the female gender in their daily life. I chose to show two testimonies by female Indian residents, who have to struggle constantly, and, just as a consequence of being woman, will have to continue fighting for the rest of their lives, daily. The testimonies portray the gender discrimination and violence women suffer in India. These type of information make people all around the world become aware of this tragic reality and encourages more people to join the fight, These are the testimonies;
“In New Delhi, there are 13 times more toilets for men than there are for women. Specifically, there are 3,712 male public toilets, and a mere 269 female toilets.
“Public Toilets in New Delhi are just one example of discrimination against women in India; it starts before women are even born, and continues throughout their entire life. Girls can be perceived as a financial burden in parts of India, as a result of their limited income opportunities and costly dowries; 500,000 Indian girls have died as a result of pre-natal sex selection and infanticide over the last 20 years.
If a bride can’t fulfill her dowry, she faces the risk of torture and death at the hands of her in-laws. Nearly 7,000 Indian women were killed for being unable to meet the financial requirements of their dowries, some of them as young as 15 years old.
Indian women are humiliated, abused, and killed every day. Before they are even born, their opportunities and experiences are decided for them. They will face violence and inequality at almost every turn; and even something as simple as access to public restrooms is not guaranteed for them.
There are ways to encourage gender equality in India, though they may be easier said than done. Laws that discriminate against women need to be amended; girls need to be educated to level the intellectual playing field, and India’s practice of perceiving men above women, needs to be addressed for change to last.”